FACTS ABOUT INDIA

National Flag of India

The National Flag of India is known as ‘Tiranga’ in Hindi that can be translated as ‘having three colors. This tricolor flag has a wheel of law in its centre and signifies the freedom and sovereignty of India and its people.

National Animal of India
Panthera tigris (Linnaeus) or the Tiger has been known long for his royal grace, strength, agility and enormous majesty and power. India hosts more than half the population of the tigers in the entire world and there are eight native species of tigers found in India.

National Anthem of India
Rabindranath Tagore, the famous Noble laureate and Indian poet penned the five stanzas of the song titled ‘Jana-gana-mana’. It was first sung in the session of Indian National Congress in the yet-not-free India in Calcutta on 27th December 1911.

National Bird of India
Indian Peacock has earned the glory of being the National Bird of the biggest democracy in the world. The biological name of the species is Pavo cristatus. Full of grace, pride, mysticism and beauty, peacocks have long been a part of the mythological tales of India and a symbol of royalty and divinity.

National Emblem of India
An Ashokan pillar at Sarnath near Varanasi in Uttar Pradesh depicts four lions on the top standing back to back. Its base has an elephant, a horse, a bull and a lion separated by intervening wheels over a bell-shaped lotus and a Dharma Chakra or the Wheel of Law carved on it. This symbol was adopted as the National Emblem of India by the Indian Government on 26th January 1950.

National Flower of India
The glory of being the National Flower of India goes to ‘Lotus’ or the water lily, an aquatic plant of Nymphaea family. The big attractive pink flowers have symmetrically arranged petals and broad floating that impart the sense of serenity and beauty.

National Fruit of India
Designated as the King of all fruits by Indians since long, ripe fleshy mangoes are certainly very tasty. The raw ones can be used to make spicy pickles that are an important part of Indian cuisine. Belonging to the Mangifera indica species, mangoes are native to India and are the most cultivated fruits of the tropical world.

National Game of India
Despite the ever-growing popularity of cricket, Hockey has managed to still be the National Game of India. The peak time of Indian hockey team was from 1928 to 1956, when it brought all the six consecutive Olympic gold medals home that were held during those years.

National Pledge of India
Here we will mention the National Pledge that all the Indian children vow to follow everyday in their school lives. We will also mention the National Integration Pledge that outlines the basic duties to maintain peace, unity and brotherhood in this vast country and the pledge mention in the Preamble to the Indian Constitution.

Indian National Song
Bankim Chandra Chaterjee penned ‘Vande Mataram’ for his Bengali novel ‘Anand Math’. The song charged with patriotic fervor and full of praises for the motherland was an instant favorite among the freedom fighters of the day.

National Tree of India
Ficus bengalensis or the Banyan tree is the National Tree of India. Belonging to the fig family, the branches of the Banyan spread over a large area take roots and keep on living and regenerating for thousands of years.

Facts about India

India is a country in South Asia. It is the Seventh-Largest country by area and second-largest by population and most populous democracy in the world.

India has the ninth-largest economy in the world by nominal GDP and the third-largest by purchasing power parity (PPP).

India is today one of the world’s fastest growing economies. By 2030, India will become the world’s third largest economy with projected GDP (PPP) at $13,716 bn.

India is the 19th-largest exporter and the 10th-largest importer in the world. During 2011–12, India’s foreign trade grew by an impressive 30.6% to reach $792.3 billion.

Industry accounts for 28 per cent of the country’s GDP and employs 14 per cent of the total workforce.

India is one of the G-20 major economies and a member of BRICS.

Textile manufacturing is the second largest source of employment after agriculture in India

India is one of the fastest growing retail markets in the world. One of the top five retail markets in the world by economic value, the retail industry is estimated to be $450 billion.

India is the largest producer in the world of milk, jute and pulses.

India has the world’s third largest road network, covering more than 4.3 million kilometers and carrying 60 per cent freight and 87 per cent passenger traffic.

Indian Railways is the fourth largest rail network in the world, with a track length of 114,500 kilometers.

India has a national teledensity rate of 74.15 per cent with 926.53 million telephone subscribers.

Over half of India’s population is below 25 years. By 2020, the average age of an Indian is expected to be 29 years.

India’s working-age population will increase by 240 million over the next two decades,India has the second-largest pool of scientists and engineers in the world.

Known as the Detroit of Asia, Chennai accounts for 35-40 per cent of India’s total automobile industry.

With 1,55,618 post offices and over 5,66,000 employees, India has the largest postal network in the world.

With official gold holdings of 557.7 tonnes, India ranks 10th in gold reserves.

India’s foreign exchange reserves stand at $280.17 billion.

Asia’s largest solar plant using photo voltaic power plant has been set up at Kalyanpur in UP.

Indian scientist at Konkan Krishi Vidyapeeth have developed the world’s first seedless mango named ‘Sindhu’.

Panchayat Raj was first adopted in the state of Rajasthan in 1959 and Gujarat in the same year.

The headquarters of the Indian Foundation for the Arts is in Bhopal

Babu Jagjivan Ram’s birth anniversary is observed as Samta Divas.

The first major multi-organ transplant in the country was performed at the Appollo Hospital in Chennai.

Future Hope is a charity organisation set up in 1991 to provide help to street children of Calcutta.

National Development Council was set up in the year 1952.

The first deputy chairman of planning commission was V.T. Krishnamachari.